Water management practices in rural and urban homes: a case study from Bangladesh on ingestion of polluted water

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dc.contributor.authorAhmed, S. A.-
dc.contributor.authorHoque, B.A.-
dc.contributor.authorMahmud, A.-
dc.identifier.citationPublic Health 1998 Sep;112(5):317-21en
dc.description.abstractAlthough Bangladesh has achieved remarkable success in extending the availability of hand pumped and piped water, unsafe water is still ingested. This brief study attempted to assess water management practices in rural and urban homes in Bangladesh so as to establish the routes by which unsafe water is ingested, to examine methods of collection and storage, and determine why unsafe water sources are used when unsafe supplies are available. Forty-eight rural and forty-five urban slum households were studied. Observations, interviews and water quality investigations were conducted. The results show that the respondents were aware that hand pump/tap water is safe and took care to use these safe sources for drinking purposes. However, they continued to use surface water for non-drinking activities such as bathing, washing and rinsing their mouths. Reasons were given that it was a traditional practice to bathe in surface water and was more enjoyable. One of the reasons given for not using hand pumped water to wash clothing and food was that such groundwater caused staining. Bacteriological results from such ingested water showed the quality, especially in rural areas, to be poor. Results also showed the internal surfaces of the base of storage containers to be heavily contaminated with bacteria. This showed that water that was safe when it was first drawn would became contaminated during storage. This study had a limited scope; much further research is needed to find what determines and how water becomes contaminated in containers. These factors include how to reduce contamination of water, in particular the relationship between growth of bacteria in stored water and the material from which the container is made and how to improve the overall quality of water. On the management side, studies could be conducted as to how to improve people's understanding of the use of water for domestic purposes and its safe managementen
dc.format.extent280481 bytes-
dc.subjectWater supplyen
dc.subjectWater pollutionen
dc.subjectCase-control studiesen
dc.titleWater management practices in rural and urban homes: a case study from Bangladesh on ingestion of polluted wateren
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