Enteric adenovirus infection among infants with diarrhea in rural Bangladesh

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dc.contributor.authorJarecki-Khan, Kerstin-
dc.contributor.authorTzipori, Saul R.-
dc.contributor.authorUnicomb, Leanne E.-
dc.identifier.citationJ Clin Microbiol 1993 Mar;31(3):484-9en
dc.description.abstractA total of 4,409 stool specimens from infants less than 5 years of age seeking treatment for diarrhea in Matlab, Bangladesh, were tested for the presence of adenoviruses by using an enzyme immunoassay (EIA). EIA-positive stool samples were serotyped with monoclonal antibodies specific for adenovirus type 40 (Ad40) and Ad41 and group antigen, inoculated into Graham G293 cells, and retested by EIA. Of adenovirus-positive cultures, 125 (2.8%) specimens were confirmed as enteric adenoviruses (EAds), of which 51 (40.8%) were typed as Ad40 and 74 (59.2%) were typed as Ad41, and 12 of 4,409 (0.3%) were identified as nonenteric adenoviruses. A slight peak of incidence of EAd infection was observed in the cool, dry months, and an outbreak of Ad40 infections occurred in March 1988, when the detection rate of EAd reached 12.3%. Information on age, gender, and symptoms was available for 80 infants infected with adenovirus only. Age distribution was similar for types 40 and 41 and nonenteric adenovirus; the median ages were 11, 12, and 12 months, respectively. The ratio of males to females for the 80 infants varied according to serotype; Ad40 had the highest male/female ratio, 2.17. The symptoms experienced by the 80 children were similar for each adenovirus type. The most common clinical features of EAd infection were watery diarrhea (87.5%), more than eight loose bowel movements per day in the 24-h period prior to presentation (68.8%), with vomiting (80.0%), abdominal pain (76.3%), and low-grade fever (95.0%); these symptoms are significantly similar to symptoms of infants infected with group A rotavirus. EAd infection generally gave rise to mild to moderate dehydration, which is significantly similar to dehydration produced by infection with rotavirusen
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dc.subjectAdenovirus Infections, Humanen
dc.subjectAdenoviruses, Human-isolation & purificationen
dc.subjectAntigens, Viralen
dc.subjectCohort Studiesen
dc.subjectDiarrhea, Infantileen
dc.subjectEnterobacteriaceae Infectionsen
dc.subjectNutritional Statusen
dc.subjectRural Populationen
dc.subjectTime Factorsen
dc.titleEnteric adenovirus infection among infants with diarrhea in rural Bangladeshen
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