Association of plasmids with the carbohydrate composition of the o-antigen in shigella dysenteriae type 1
Six different prepared mutant strains of Shigella dysenteriae type 1 with various combinations of 'core plasmids of 140, 6, and 2 Mdal, were cultivated separately and their hpoporvsaccharide (LPS) samples were isolated, which on delipidation afforded polysaccharidcs and oligosaccharides. The LPS and prepared O-antigen porysaccharides were subjected to acid hydrolysis, and the constituent sugars were analysed by paper chromatography and gas liquid chromatography (GLC), using CP Sil 8 CB fused silica capillary column equipped with a flame ionizatioa detector. The mutant strains, harbouring the 6 Mdal plasmid, contained rhamnose, galactosc, and N-acctyi glucosamine in their O-antigen polysaccharides with a minor variation in the relative proportions of these sugar constituents as compared to those of the control strain. The sugar composition of the O-antigen porysaccharides prepared from the mutant strains, without the 6 Mdal plasmid but containing 2 or 140 Mdal plasmid, contained galactose and N-acetyl glucosamine but no rhamnose. However, mutant strains with none of the core plasmids contained traces of rhamnose and were devoid of N-acctyl ghicosaminc, but contained heptose. These results suggest that 6 Mdal plasmid is essentially required for the complete synthesis of O-antigen polysaccharidcs. However, the 140 and 2 Mdal plasmids might also have an association with synthesis of carbohydrate composition of the O-antigen in S. dysenteriae type 1.
J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1993 Jun ; 11(2): 93-6