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Title: Factors influencing birth weight in a rural community of Bangladesh
Authors: Hasan, K.Z.
Sack, R.B.
Siddique, A.K.
Roy, E.
Rahman, M.N.
Ali, M.
Keywords: Infant, law birth weight
Bangladesh
Issue Date: Mar-1998
Citation: J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1995 Mar;13(1):71-72
Abstract: Objective: Describe the characteristics of birth weights of children in rural Bangladesh. Methods: A cohort of newborn children with respiratory infections and diarrhoea was studied. A census was conducted in 10 villages of Mirzapur, and over 2,200 prospective mothers were listed. Pregnant women were identified and followed up by a female health worker. Women were encouraged to have an antenatal check-up and hospital deliveries. Home deliveries were reported either by the traditional birth attendant or family members. A group of 288 children was enrolled at birth. Birth weights were measured with a Salter scale and recorded from 280 newborns. Most weights (71%) were recorded within 36 hours of birth. Results: Forty-one percent of the newborns had weight below 2.5 kg. Weights taken at different intervals after birth varied. The mean weight was 2.84 kg (± SD 0.50) for those taken in less than 1 hour of birth. Averages of those recorded within 1-24 hour(s) were: 2.47 kg (± SD 0.44), and 2.31 kg (± SD 0.41) for the time interval between 24 and 36 hours. There was a significant difference (p<0.04) in the mean weights between male (2.6 kg ± SD 0.5) and female infants (2.4 kg ± SD 0.5). A highly significant difference (p<0.003) was also observed in respect of birth weights of children and years of schooling of mothers. The average birth weight of infants whose mothers had 6 or more years of schooling was higher (mean 2.83 kg ± SD 0.5) than those with 5 or less years of schooling (mean 2.48 kg ± SD 0.5). The difference in the birth weights of infants of mothers with no schooling compared to those with less than 5 years of schooling was not significant. Infants born before full term had significantly (p<0.001) lower birth weights than those born at full term. Conclusions: In underprivileged communities, many children are born with low birth weights. Except births in hospitals, however, very few studies describing birth weight in Bangladesh have been carried out. Findings of this
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/318
ISSN: 0253-8768
Appears in Collections:Child health conference papers

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