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Title: Neonatal mortality in rural Bangladesh: an exploratory study
Authors: Chowdhury, Mahbub Elahi
Akhter, Halida H.
Chongsuvivatwong, Virasakdi
Geater, Alan F.
Keywords: Infant Mortality
Cohort Studies
Cause of Death
Pregnancy
Questionnaires
Risk Factors
Rural Health
Bangladesh-epidemiology
Issue Date: Mar-2005
Citation: J Health Popul Nutr 2005 Mar;23(1):16-24
Abstract: Bangladesh has a neonatal death rate that is substantially high and demands urgent attention. To assess the causes of neonatal mortality, 1,019 pregnant women were followed up in eight randomly-selected rural areas of the country. Trained female interviewers visited the households of the subjects at four-week intervals to record neonatal deaths (within 28 days after birth). For each death, they administered a structured verbal autopsy questionnaire to the mother and/or a close family member. Based on these field data, three neonatologists arrived at a consensus to assign two causes of death--an originating cause and a direct cause. The neonatal mortality rate was 53.5 per 1,000 livebirths. The originating causes of death were pre-maturity/low birth-weight (30%), difficult labour (16%), unhygienic birth practices (16%), others (4%), and unknown (34%). The direct causes were sepsis (32%), asphyxia (26%), tetanus (15%), respiratory distress (6%), others (6%), and unknown (14%). According to the prevailing causes of neonatal deaths, implementation of intervention programmes, often in the community, that do not depend on highly-technical training or sophisticated equipment should be implemented
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2980
Appears in Collections:Child health research papers

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