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|Title: ||Neonatal mortality in rural Bangladesh: an exploratory study|
|Authors: ||Chowdhury, Mahbub Elahi|
Akhter, Halida H.
Geater, Alan F.
|Keywords: ||Infant Mortality|
Cause of Death
|Issue Date: ||Mar-2005 |
|Citation: ||J Health Popul Nutr 2005 Mar;23(1):16-24|
|Abstract: ||Bangladesh has a neonatal death rate that is substantially high and demands urgent attention. To assess the causes of neonatal mortality, 1,019 pregnant women were followed up in eight randomly-selected rural areas of the country. Trained female interviewers visited the households of the subjects at four-week intervals to record neonatal deaths (within 28 days after birth). For each death, they administered a structured verbal autopsy questionnaire to the mother and/or a close family member. Based on these field data, three neonatologists arrived at a consensus to assign two causes of death--an originating cause and a direct cause. The neonatal mortality rate was 53.5 per 1,000 livebirths. The originating causes of death were pre-maturity/low birth-weight (30%), difficult labour (16%), unhygienic birth practices (16%), others (4%), and unknown (34%). The direct causes were sepsis (32%), asphyxia (26%), tetanus (15%), respiratory distress (6%), others (6%), and unknown (14%). According to the prevailing causes of neonatal deaths, implementation of intervention programmes, often in the community, that do not depend on highly-technical training or sophisticated equipment should be implemented|
|Appears in Collections:||Child health research papers|
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