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Title: Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal: a descriptive study
Authors: Hossain, M. Shahadat
Salam, Mohammed Abdus
Rabbani, G.H.
Biswas, Rabi
Mahalanabis, Dilip
Keywords: Cholera/therapy
Vibrio cholerae
Prospective Studies
Fluid Therapy
Vibrio cholerae-isolation & purification
Issue Date: 2000
Citation: J Health Popul Nutr. 2000 Jun;18(1):27-32
Abstract: A prospective study was conducted to determine the clinical and laboratory characteristics and the clinical course of cholera due to Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal. The study subjects included 22 adult males with stool culture-proven V. cholerae O139. On enrollment, mean +/- SD concentrations (mmol/L) of serum sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate were 134 +/- 3, 4 +/- 1, 102 +/- 4, and 13 +/- 4 respectively, and stool sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate concentrations were 120 +/- 24, 18 +/- 6, 93 +/- 16, and 37 +/- 9 respectively. Seventeen patients (7.8%) had faecal leukocytes ranging from 11 to 50 per high-power field. All V. cholerae O139 isolates (100%) were susceptible to tetracycline, erythromycin, and ciprofloxacin, 92% to furazolidine, and only 5% to trimethoprim-sulphamethaxazole. The median (interquartile) volume of liquid stool during the first 24 hours was 9 (5-12) litre. The median (interquartile) volume of liquid stool and the amounts of intravenous and oral rehydration fluids required during the entire study period were 16 (9-24) litre, 9 (6-18) litre, and 14 (9-20) litre respectively. The median (interquartile) duration of diarrhoea was 80 (48-104) hours. The median (interquartile) duration of excretion of V. cholerae O139 in stool was 5 (3-6) days. Clinical and laboratory features, and case management of cholera due to V. cholerae O139 are very similar to conventional cholera due to V. cholerae O1
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2971
Appears in Collections:Clinical sciences research papers

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